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SUŠICE REGION - EXISTED OR NOT?

Jiří Martínek

(Summary)

Sušice region has been the subject of disputes in the Czech historiography since the 19th century. The lack of historical documents but also respect to theses of important persons led a number of Czech researchers to the view that Sušice was split from Bohemia as the dowry or pledge in 1124 and it was returned in 1265. If we look again at individual resources, the history of Sušice region seems to be different.

photo Bohumil KrutišThe settlement of the Czech territory started during the older and medium period of fortification. The evidence of that is a vast number of archaeological excavations including rice fields along Otava river. The territory went through intensive colonisation sometime in the 11th - 12th centuries. Around 1158 - 1173 the Church in Albrechtice and some neighbouring villages obtained the monastery in Bavarian Windberg. Before 1233 the counts of Bogen received the village, the courtyard and the church in Sušice and some neighbouring settlements - their number is not known. Scattered ownership with the exception of Sušice and Albrechtice in the property of Czech dynasties and institutions almost excludes the existence of a coherent holding of lands in Sušice region by lords of Bogen outside the territory of the Czech lands.

As late as under the Wittelsbachs (they inherited the property of the Bogenskýs in 1242) Sušice with its neighbourhood was detached from the Czech state if not legally then factually. Sušice region definitely returned to Bohemia (after a number of disputes) based on the agreement on the split of Bogen heritage in January 1273.

 

Jiří Martínek, Sušicko – bylo či nebylo? In: Historická geografie 30; Pocta Jaroslavu Kašparovi. Sborník k 70. narozeninám Doc. PhDr. Jaroslava Kašpara, Csc., Praha: Historický ústav, 1999, str. 85-100.


 
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